What are exactly dental implant?
Dental implants are an important innovation in the dentistry field and have improved the lives of numerous people suffering from tooth loss. The implant serves as a replacement for the missing root and is intended to fuse with the bone which helps anchor the replacement tooth and maintain the structural integrity of the jaw while implant-supported dental prosthetics are synthetic tooth replacements that are bonded to the artificial root implant. Installing dental implants is a surgical procedure and requires a thorough examination of the jaw beforehand.
The history of dental implants.
Since the dawn of humanity the permanent replacement of missing teeth has been a necessity although throughout history the inability of prosthetic teeth to stay in the jaw has been a source of frustration. A significant milestone was reached in the 1950s when a physician discovered the osteophilic, or bone loving, properties of titanium. The 1970s saw this durable metal used in the manufacture of dental implants for the fixture of dental prosthetics. In the proceeding decades the procedure has been refined and allowed to evolve into its current form.
The composition of dental implants.
The three main components of dental implants are the artificial root, abutment and dental prosthetics such as crowns, bridges and dentures. The root, which is often just referred to as the implant, is typically made from titanium to facilitate osseointegration, that is the fusion between the implant and living bone, with the jaw and the structure of the implant is often like that of a screw. The abutment is the component with which implant and prosthetic are connected, cemented in place by an adhesive material.
The advantages of dental implants compared to false teeth.
A major advantage of dental implants is that they help prevent the jawbone’s deterioration, known as bone resorption, that occurs when teeth are missing therefore helping to maintain facial features. A psychological benefit of dental implants is that they act as permanent teeth replacements that can last a lifetime as opposed to impermanent false teeth that are removed each evening to reveal tootless gums, meaning that implants elevate self esteem while fullfilling the practical function of natural teeth. Implant-supported dental prosthetics are like having one’s old teeth back and, unlike natural teeth, the durable materials used in prosthetics do not decay.
Planning the dental implant treatment plan and the surgical procedure.
The initial phase of a dental implant treatment plan to evaluate the jaw’s strength and structure through X-ray and CT scan as well as assessing the nerves in the jaw. Bone health are evaluated to estimate the implant procedure’s success rate because healthy bone is more likely to fuse with the implant than unhealthy bone. Good oral health is an important factor in the success of dental implants and conditions such as gum disease can lead to unfavourable results. Surgery for fitting dental implants is usually performed under local anaesthetic and sometimes accompanied by anxyolotic medications although in Some cases general anaesthetic may be administered.